Annex 1 - Glossary – Palliative care definition

Annex 1 - Glossary – Palliative care definition


Basic palliative care training

Is the set of components integrated into the undergraduate curricula, that should lead to the student acquiring the minimum competencies that are expected of all health and social care professionals

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Available at http://pallipedia.org/basic-palliative-care-training/


Bereavement

The objective situation one faces after having lost an important person via death. It is conceptualized as the broadest of three terms (bereavement, mourning, grief) and a statement of the objective reality of a situation of loss via death.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/bereavement/


Continuing education

A continuous process of acquiring new knowledge and skills throughout one’s professional life.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/continuing-education/


Effective communication

Communication is a two-way process between two or more persons by which information and feelings are shared through an exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages.

The communication is effective when the intended message is successfully delivered, received and understood in the same manner by all parties involved.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at

http://pallipedia.org/communication/


Essential medicines

Essential medicines are those that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population.

They are selected with due regard to disease prevalence, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness.

They are intended to be available in functioning health systems at all times, in adequate amounts, in the appropriate dosage forms, with assured quality and adequate information, and at a price the individual and the community can afford. These drugs are supported as safe, effective and of high quality. Efforts are focused on their correct prescription and rational use of medicines.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/essential-medicines/


Evidence based

The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about treatment and care. It means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research into the decision-making process for patient care.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 13, 2018. Available at

http://pallipedia.org/evidence-base/


Holistic care

Is a form of healing that considers the whole person -- body, mind, spirit, and emotions -- in the quest for optimal wellness.

The principles of palliative care are framed around holistic care and the interdependent physical, social, emotional, cultural and spiritual aspects.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/holistic/


Place of residence

A residence is an establishment where it was originally or currently being used by a host as their main place of dwelling or home. It may more specifically refer to:

Home, a place of residence or refuge

Dwelling or accommodation

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/place-of-residence/


Quality of life

Quality of life refers to an individual's emotional, social, and physical well-being, and their ability to function in the ordinary tasks of living.

Well-being as defined by each individual. It relates both to experiences that are meaningful and valuable to the individual, and his/her capacity to have such experiences.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at

http://pallipedia.org/quality-of-life/


Serious Health-related suffering

Suffering is health-related when it is associated with illness or injury of any kind. Health related suffering is serious when it cannot be relieved without medical intervention and when it compromises physical, social and/or emotional functioning.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/serious-health-related-suffering-shs/


Severe illness

Severe illness is understood as any acute or chronic illness and/or condition that causes significant impairment, and may lead to long-term impairment, disability and/or death.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/serious-illness/


Vulnerable groups

This term is applied to groups of people (children, pregnant women, elderly people, malnourished people, prisoners, migrants and refugees, people who uses drugs, and people who are ill or immunocompromised, etc.) who, due to factors usually considered outside their control, do not have the same opportunities as other, more fortunate groups in society.

The degree of vulnerability is determined by a combination of several factors including hazard awareness, the condition of human settlements and infrastructure, public policy and administration, and organized abilities in all fields of disaster management. Poverty is also one of the main causes of vulnerability in most parts of the world.

Ref: IAHPC Pallipedia. Internet. Accessed on November 7, 2018. Available at http://pallipedia.org/vulnerability/ & http://pallipedia.org/vulnerable-groups/