IAHPC Book Reviews

2017; Volume 18, No 9, September

IAHPC Book Reviews

By Dr. Roger Woodruff, IAHPC Reviews Editor


Palliative Care Book of the Month

DO NO HARM

Stories of Life, Death and Brain Surgery
Henry Marsh Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2014
276 pp
ISBN 978-1-7802-2592-0
RRP £6.29 $US8.80


This book came to me as a gift. It comprises a string of stories from the long and distinguished career of a London neurosurgeon. Some are happy, some are not, but they are well written and all sound honest.

Whilst this book is meant to be about neurosurgery, the first thing that struck me was that Marsh was talking about many of the issues we deal with in palliative care – patients coming to terms with disability, differing reactions to death, different ways family members (and staff) cope with death, how to deal honestly and compassionately with bad news. Difficult decisions to treat or not – ‘We can’t just let her die.’ Or, ‘Perhaps I was going to operate because I couldn’t face confronting the family and telling them it was time for [the patient] to die.’ I thought this was strikingly similar to all the cancer patients who continue to have chemotherapy because the oncologist does not have the strength or honesty to have that conversation. How easy is it to do something, to do anything, rather than have that conversation? And the ruminations – ‘He didn’t make it despite surgery. Probably a good thing.’

His stories are made more poignant as he reveals his own reactions to becoming a patient himself. And helping to look after his mother dying of untreatable cancer leads him to meditate on what is a good death.

My heart was warmed by his responses to the insidious creep of bureaucracy – ‘in the old days you just went on working until the work was done.’ Decisions made by bureaucrats with zero clinical experience, supposedly in the interests of improved patient care or safety, that did little but frustrate the clinician interested in patient outcomes and welfare. He describes his attendance at a Mandatory and Statutory Training (MAST) Catch-up Seminar (where he was made to feel guilty for ducking out during the morning tea break in order to sort out a medical crisis) as, ‘listening to a young man with a background in catering telling me that I should develop empathy, keep focused and stay calm.’ And there was the European Working Time Directive (EWTD) compliance manager sent to enforce a new law that no junior staff worked more than 48 hours per week. Made me wonder whether Britain under Brexit was not better off without the faceless, unelected bureaucrats of Brussels.

We all know the difficulties that may surround the word ‘hope’ in palliative care, but I liked Marsh’s turn of phrase: ‘Life without hope is hopelessly difficult but at the end hope can so easily make fools of us all.’

Warmly recommended bedtime reading for anybody who works in palliative care.

Roger Woodruff, July 2017.

Other reviews

LIVING IN DEATH’S SHADOW

Family Experiences of Terminal Care and Irreplaceable Loss
Emily K. Abel
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017
172 pp
ISBN 978-1-42142-184-1
RRP $US39.95 £29.50
Review copy supplied by FootPrint


This book is based on 105 narratives by family members of people with serious and terminal illness that appeared between 1970 and 2014. Compared to patient-written narratives, we are told that little attention has been paid to the memoirs of family members.

Based on her analysis of these memoirs, Abel focuses on what she sees as the three main changes during that time. The first is to do with increased patient autonomy, with the associated issues of advance directives and physician-assisted dying. Second is the increasing acceptance of mortality (or the acceptance of the inevitability of dying) with its implications for the use (or avoidance) of high-tech, high intensity therapy at the end of life. The last (which I thought most interesting) was, despite all the baying that the majority of people want to die in their own homes, that ‘the book cautions us against trying to shift the site of death during a period of hostility to government services.’ Along the way, there is attention to the myriad difficulties encountered throughout the long course of a serious chronic disease and she quotes Joanne Lynn: ‘Living for a long time with fatal illness is still a new cultural phenomenon, and we have much to learn about how to make this time of life comfortable and rewarding for patients and families.’

The book also provides some interesting historical perspectives. As it happened, there were two separate developments originating in the 1950s and 1960s that have affected, in contradictory ways, the manner in which we die – the rise and dominance of intensive care units and the movement to humanize the care of the dying.

This is a scholarly but readable assessment and analysis of the memoirs of members of the families of people with serious and terminal illness, but Abel admits they were overwhelmingly white, well educated, and relatively prosperous. That left me wondering about the silent majority – I wondered what we might have learned if some of the questions addressed in this book were put to a few hundred consecutive, unselected people attending a major cancer clinic.

In this book, the problems of palliative care are described from a slightly different angle (that of the relatives and carers), and I think most people who work in palliative care will find it a worthwhile read.

Emily Abel is emeritus professor at the UCLA-Fielding School of Public Health in Los Angeles, but nowhere was I able to determine whether her background was in medicine, nursing, psychology, sociology, or what.

Roger Woodruff, July 2017.

CLINICAL POCKET GUIDE TO ADVANCED PRACTICE PALLIATIVE NURSING

Dahlin, Coyne and Ferrell (eds.)
Oxford University Press, 2017
183 pp
ISBN 978-0-19-020470-9
RRP $US35.00  £22.99

This book is the pocket-sized, clinically practical companion to the textbook, Advanced Practice Palliative Nursing that was reviewed in the August Newsletter.


There are chapters on pain, dyspnea, bowel symptoms, a variety of other challenging physical symptoms; anxiety, delirium, depression and palliative care emergencies. There were interesting (and useful) chapters on the discontinuation of life-sustaining therapies, and the withdrawal of cardiac and respiratory technology. I worried about the chapter on palliative sedation, for which there are no agreed definitions or terminology (see Sterckx et al Continuous Sedation at the End of Life – reviewed in the July Newsletter). The last two chapters are about pediatric and geriatric palliative care.

In the chapter on pain, it states that a wide array of opioid drugs is available if one drug is ineffective or produces unwanted side effects, but it provides only a few lines about just three of them. The chapter on anxiety was appropriately more detailed. I found the chapter on depression difficult, because it tows the North American party line that insists on the medicalization of all psychological symptoms in all people who are dying or grieving. The chapter on palliative sedation mentions that some people disagree with it because it might be used to hasten death, i.e. euthanasia. But It doesn’t discuss whether that might already be happening in America, as has happened in The Netherlands where it is reported that the intention of hastening of death was the prime motivation in 50 percent of cases in which palliative sedation was used (see Griffiths et al Euthanasia and Law in Europe – reviewed in the March 2010 Newsletter). Are there grounds for believing the situation is any different in America, or Australia?

I liked this book. Good ideas and much less waffle. Lots of tables and lots of lists, which I like. But in some chapters, I thought there was insufficient clinical detail ­­– not enough meat on the bone. This book needs to include all the practical information needed by APRNs (Advanced Practice Registered Nurses) at the bedside in the hospital, or the home, or the nursing home, or the hospice. If that were the case, it would go into the excellent class and be useful not only to American APRNs but also to advanced nurses/nurse practitioners elsewhere.

Roger Woodruff, June 2017.

A MATTER OF LIFE AND DEATH

60 Voices Share Their Wisdom
Rosalind Bradley
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2016
ISBN 978-1-84905-601-4
232 pp
ISBN 978-1-84905-601-4
RRP £8.99 $US15.36
Review copy supplied by FootPrint


This is a compilation of inspiring verses, images and reflections drawn from a wide range of individuals about the nature and meaning of death and our response to it.

The contributions and quotations are remarkably diverse. Some appeal a lot, some less. I shall never tire of the ‘… let us deprive death of its strangeness …’ passage by Michel de Montaigne (1533-92). And there was one I had not seen before, attributed to Dr. Seuss: ‘Don’t cry because it’s over, smile because it happened.’

The book is divided into five sections. ‘In Personal Encounters with Death, contributors share how their lives have been reshaped in the aftermath of a gradual dying or a sudden death. In Death Brings Us Wisdom, contributors express deep insights about death and how it affects our daily living. Working Closely with Death follows those who engage with death on a daily basis, and considers how they cope with and understand this subject. Death and the Circle of Life explores how death is part of our natural life cycle, and Death is Sacred presents multicultural and multifaith views of death.’

Who is it for? Bradley says it is ‘intended for those who are ageing, those suffering from a terminal illness ..., those who care for the sick and dying, and those trying to make sense of life and death.’ I could make an argument that it is for everyone.

I have no doubt that this book will provide some comfort and support to those with serious or terminal illness and the people who care for them. For those who work in palliative care, it provides something to dip into, perhaps helping your own reflections about what you do. Above all, I liked the brevity. Few of the contributions were more than a couple of pages, which allowed you to read them and then sit back and reflect.

Roger Woodruff, July 2017.

LIVING IN THE SHADOW OF DEATH

A Rabbi Copes with Cancer
Rabbi Stuart G. Weinblatt
Ktav Publishing, 2015
96 pp
ISBN 978-965-524-170-9
RRP $US23.95 £19.99


This is one rabbi’s reflections on being diagnosed with and treated for malignant lymphoma. The apparent chaotic disorganization during the diagnostic phase and leading up to his first treatment is probably attributable to his shock and perhaps a touch of exaggeration. Very little is said about the rigors of chemotherapy and this book is primarily about his spiritual and philosophical insights and how they might help others. It includes several sermons to his congregation and there are many stories and parables from the Jewish tradition.

For patients or caregivers in a similar situation, some would find solace and support in this book, whether they were Jewish or not. For healthcare professionals, it is another unique account of the traumas our patients endure.

Roger Woodruff, July 2017.

PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE

Issues of Our Times
Hardy, Kiernan, Kutscher, Cahill, and Benvenisty (eds.)
Routledge, 2016
218 pp
ISBN 978-1-138-99692-2
RRP $US47.95 £34.99


This is a collection of articles covering many of the psychosocial aspects of end-stage renal disease (ERSD), ultimately sponsored by The Foundation of Thanatology in New York. It covers an impressive range of subjects, although I would question the value of publishing some of it (e.g. the inconclusive uncontrolled study [n=7] of marriage fidelity in ESRD).

My real complaint about this book is that the material is 25 years old, having been published in Loss, Grief & Care, Volume 5, Numbers 1/2 1991. I find it hard to believe there have not been significant advances in some of the problems discussed in this book. I would have been interested to hear what is the current approach to the paradox of post-transplant depression and noncompliance.

Roger Woodruff, July 2017.


Roger Woodruff, MD (Australia)
Dr. Woodruff is a Lifetime Member of the IAHPC Board and Past Chair. His bio may be found here.

Note for authors and publishers: If you wish to have your book reviewed, please send to:

Dr. Roger Woodruff
IAHPC Bookshop Editor
210 Burgundy St, Suite 9
Heidelberg, Victoria 3084
Australia

Note: Review copies become property of IAHPC and are not returned to the author. Only palliative care related books, which are previously approved, and which have an ISBN, will be reviewed. Due to the large number of requests, we can’t provide exact dates of when books will be reviewed.


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